Description:
This
plugin effectively implements deconvolution based on a Regularized Wiener
Filter, as described in Gonzales&Woods: "Digital Image
Processing", Chapter 5. However, in this plugin the filter has been
extended to three dimensions. Thus, this plugin can handle arbitrarysized
threedimensional (3D) volumes as well as single twodimensional (2D) images.
Please note that image stacks are always considered to represent 3D volumes and
NOT series of 2D images. For an introduction to deconvolution and the terms
used consult the links provided below. The theory behind deconvolution must be
fully understood in order to successfully apply this plugin. This plugin is
based on FFTJ. Consequently, it runs fastest if source data is of a
poweroftwo size in each dimension.
User manual:
After
starting the plugin, the user can specify the blurred image or volume (in the
literature often referred to by the symbol 'g') and the Point spread Function
(PSF) (referred to by 'h') by choosing currently open images/stacks from the
dropdown lists. The term 'Optical Transfer Function' (OTF), sometimes used in
the literature, refers to the Fourier Transform of the Point Spread Function.
The PSF must be of the same size as the blurred image/volume in all three dimensions.
Also, the PSF must be centered in its representing image/volume in order to
avoid shifting of the resultant deconvolved image/volume. There are several
options available:
·
'Output
precision': The
output of the deconvolution process is naturally given as 32bit (FLOAT)
grayscale data. However, the user can choose that data shall be converted to
8bit (BYTE) and 16bit (SHORT) grayscale, respectively, before it is actually
displayed. 'Same As Source' means that the output format is the same as the format
of the blurred input image/volume.
·
'Resizing
to 2^NFormat': As
this plugin runs fastest on poweroftwosized data, the image/volume and the
PSF can be resized to a poweroftwo size in x and ydimension, respectively,
prior to the actual deconvolution. After the deconvolution is finished, the
deconvolved image/volume is resized back to its original dimensions. There are
three choices:

'No
Resizing': Input
data is not resized prior to deconvolution. This is the most accurate choice,
but also the slowest.

'Closest
2^NFormat': Input
data is resized to poweroftwo sizes in x and ydimension, respectively, with
the area of the resized images closest to the area of the source images. If
there are several possibilities that would lead to the same image area
difference, the one with the lowest maximal distortion factor is chosen. E.g.,
if the source images are of size 347x470 pixels, there are two possibilities
(256x512 and 512x256), which result in the same difference in image area. In
this case, 256x512 is chosen because the maximal distortion (factor 1.355 in
xdirection) is lower than for 512x256 (factor 1.836 in ydirection).

'Next
Larger 2^NFormat':
Input data is resized to the next larger poweroftwo size in x and
ydimension, respectively, prior to deconvolution. Theoretically, this gives
better results than 'Closest 2^NFormat', because no information is lost by
resizing to a smaller format. However, due to the generally larger images
deconvolution takes longer than with 'Closest 2^NFormat'.
·
'Complex
Number Precision'
defines whether calculations shall be based on single or double precision
complex numbers. Generally, computation based on double precision complex
numbers is more accurate. However, using single precision complex numbers
reduces memory demands and has shown to yield results almost identical to those
obtained by double precision calculations. Nevertheless, this may depend on the
actual application.
·
'Regularization
Parameter (gamma)':
This is the regularization parameter used by the Wiener Filter. In the
literature, this is sometimes simply referred to as the parameter K of the
Wiener filter.
Links:
·
Frequency
Filters, Deconvolution, Wiener Filtering:
http://www.dai.ed.ac.uk/HIPR2/freqfilt.htm#7
·
Image
Restoration, Point Spread Function (PSF):
http://www.dai.ed.ac.uk/CVonline/LOCAL_COPIES/VELDHUIZEN/node8.html
·
Wiener
Filter:
http://www.dai.ed.ac.uk/CVonline/LOCAL_COPIES/VELDHUIZEN/node15.html
·
Wiener
Filter:
http://www.khoral.com/contrib/contrib/dip2001/htmldip/c7/s3/frontpage.html
·
Research
paper; 3D restoration of tomosynthetic images, 3D Regularized Wiener Filtering:
ftp://ftp.mthcsc.wfu.edu/pub/plemmons/tim_icis.ps.gz